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Later, Early Modern Latin and Modern Latin evolved.
Latin was used as the language of international communication, scholarship, and science until well into the 18th century, when it began to be supplanted by vernaculars.
Latin was originally spoken in Latium, in the Italian Peninsula.
Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire.
Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus and Terence.
Late Latin is the written language from the 3rd century, and Medieval Latin the language used from the 9th century to the Renaissance which used Renaissance Latin.
Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, French, and Romanian.
Latin, Italian and French have contributed many words to the English language.
Ecclesiastical Latin remains the official language of the Holy See and the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church.
Today, many students, scholars and members of the Catholic clergy speak Latin fluently.